Chesapeake Bay Introduced Species Database

Crassostrea gigas

Common name(s):
Pacific Oyster
The Pacific Oyster is native to the Indo-West Pacific and is the most widely transplanted shellfish in the world, introduced to at least 42 countries. Incredibly there are no established populations in western Atlantic waters, in spite of illegal or unofficial introductions in Atlantic waters near Chesapeake Bay and Delaware Bay. But the introduction of Pacific Oysters was considered as a possible means of replacing or supplementing native stocks of the Eastern Oyster (Crassostrea virginica), which has been devastated by disease and overharvest. Both the Pacific Oyster and the Chinese River Oyster (C. ariakensis) were investigated for possible introduction until 1998 following research in the Bay, which including the stocking of sterile oysters. But initial studies found that the Chinese River Oyster had better growth and survival under East Coast conditions than the Pacific Oyster, and so further research and political interest shifted to the Chinese River Oyster. Ironically, early plantings of the Pacific Oyster in the 1950s in Delaware Bay are one of the possible means of introduction of MSX (Haplosporidium nelsoni), one of the diseases that lead to the decline of Eastern Oysters. The Pacific Oyster was, however, successfully introduced to Puget Sound WA in 1902 to replace the Olympic Oyster (Ostreola conchaphila), which was devastated by overfishing.
Image courtesy of Paul Fofonoff.


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