Chesapeake Bay Introduced Species Database


Eriocheir sinensis

Common name(s):
Chinese Mitten Crab
The Chinese Mitten Crab is the only catadromous crab in the Atlantic. Catadromous means that they spend their adult lives in freshwater and their larval and juvenile lives in salt water; therefore you could find one of these fuzzy-clawed crabs in a freshwater stream or in your crab pot. Because mitten crabs invaded the Atlantic Coast only a few years ago, we don?t know very much about their status as an established population. But we are very concerned about them because in other areas where they have established populations they have caused both ecological and economic harm. We need your help to monitor and control the population while these crabs are still rare. If you find one, log in to Mitten Crab Watch (http://mittencrab.nisbase.org/) and report your catch.
Image courtesy of CA Dept of Fish and Game.

References:

Anger, K. (1991) Effects of temperature and salinity on the larval development of the Chinese mitten crab, Eriocheir sinensis(Decapoda: Grapsidae), Marine Ecology Progress Series 72: 103-110
 
Bovbjerg, Richard V. (1970) Ecological isolation and competitive exclusion in two crayfish (Orconectes virilis and Orconectes immunis), Ecology 51: 225-236
 
Cabral, H. N.; Costa, M. J. (1999) On the occurrence of the Chinese Mitten Crab, Eriocheir sinensis, in Portugal (Decapoda, Brachyura)., Crustaceana 72: 55-58
 
Chu, K. H.; Ho, H. Y.; Li, C. P.; Chan, T-Y. (2003) Molecular phylogenetics of the mitten crab species in Eriocheir, sensu lato (Brachyura: Grapsidae), Journal of Crustacean Biology 23: 738-746
 
Cieluch, Ude: Anger, Klaus; Charmantier-Daures, Mireille; Charmantier, Guy (2007) Osmoregulation and immunolocalization of Na+/K+-ATPase during the ontogeny of the mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis (Decapoda, Grapsoidea)., Marine Ecology Progress Series 329: 169-178
 
Clark, Paul F. (2006) Eriocheir sinensis H. Milne Edwards: 1853 or 1854- Grapsidae or Varunidae?, Aquatic Invasions 1: 17-27
 
Cohen, Andrew N, Carlton, James T. (1997) Transoceanic transport mechanisms: Introduction of the Chinese mitten crab, Eriocheir sinensis, to California, Pacific Science 51: 1-11
 
de LaFontaine, Yves (2005) First record of the Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis, Journal of Great Lakes Research 31: 367-370
 
de Lafontaine, Yves; Sévigny, Jean-Marie; Calvé, Richard; Verreault, Guy; Despatie, Simon-Pierre; Veilleux, Éloïse (2008) Chinese mitten crabs (Eriocheir sinensis ) in the St. Lawrence River and estuary, Canada: new records and risk of invasion., Aquatic Invasions 3: 153-163
 
Guo, J. Y.; Ng, N. K.; Dai, A.; Ng, Peter K. I. (1997) The taxonomy of three commercially important species of mittern crabs of the genus Eriocheir De Haan, 1835 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Grapsidae)., Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 45: 445-476
 
Hanfling, Bernd; Carvalho, Gary R.; Brandl, Roland (2002) DNA sequences and possible invasion pathways of the Chinese mitten crab., Marine Ecology Progress Series 238: 307-310
 
Herborg, L. M.; Rushton, S.P.; Clare, A.S.; Bentley, M. G. (2005) The invasion of the Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis in the United Kingdom and its comparison to continental Europe., Biological Invasions 7: 959-968
 
Herborg, L. M.; Rushton, S. P.; Clare, A. S.; Bentley, M. G. (2003) Spread of the Chinese mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis in continental Europe: analysis of a historical data set., Hydrobiologia 503: 21-28
 
Herborg, Leif Matthias; Bentley -Matthew G.; Clare, Anthony S. ; Last, Kim S. (2006) Mating behaviour and chemical communication in the invasive Chinese mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis., Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 329: 1-10
 
Herborg, Leif-Matthias ; Jerde, Christopher L.; Lodge, David M.; Ruiz, Gregory M.; MacIsaac, Hugh J. (2007) Predicting invasion risk using measures of introduction effort and environmental niche models., Ecological Applications 17: 663-674
 
Hymanson, Zachary; Wang, Johnson; Sasaki, Tamara (1999) Lessons from the home of the Chinese Mitten Crab., Interagency Ecology Project Newsletter 12: 25-32
 
Jensen, Gregory C.; Armstrong, David A. (2004) The occurrence of the Japanese mitten crab, Eriocheir japonica, on the west coast of North America., California Fish and Game 90: 94-90
 
Jezerinac, Raymond F.; Stocker, G. Whitney; Tarter, Donald C. (1995) The crayfishes (Decapoda: Cambaridae) of West Virginia, Bulletin of the Ohio Biological Survey 10: 1-193
 
Jin, Gang; Xie, Ping; Li, Zhongjie (2002) Tne precocious Chinese Mitten Crab: Changes of gonad, survival rate and life span in a freshwater lake, Journal of Crustacean Biology 22: 411-415
 
Kornienko, E. S.; Korn, O. M.; Kashenko, S. D. (2008) Comparative morphology of larvae of coastal crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda: Varunidae), Russian Journal of Marine Biology 34: 77-93
 
Murina, V. V.; Antonovsky, A. G. (2001) Chinese Crab, Eriocheir sinensis is an invader into the basin of the Sea of Azov., Ekologiya Movya 55: 37-39
 
Nepszy, S.J., Leach, J.H. (1973) First records of the Chinese mitten crab, Eriocheir sinensis, (Crustacea: Brachyura) from North America, Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 30: 1909-1910
 
Ojaveer, Henn, and 7 authors (2007) Chinese mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis in the Baltic Sea- a supply-side invader?, Biological Invasions 9: 409-418
 
Panning, A. (1939) The Chinese Mitten crab., Smithsonian Report for 1938. null: 361-375
 
Rice, Ammon; Tsukimura, Brian (2007) A key to the identification of brachyuran zoeae of the San Francisco Bay estuary., Journal of Crustacean Biology 27: 74-79
 
Robbins, Roni S.; Sakari, Mehiar; Baluchi, S. Nezami; Clark, Paul F. (2006) The occurrence of Eriocheir sinensis H. Milne Edwards, 1853 (Crustacea: Brachyura: Varunidae) from the Caspian Sea region, Iran., Aquatic Invasions 1: 32-34
 
Rudnick, Deborah A.; Chan, Valerie; Resh, Vincent (2005b) Morphology and impacts of the burrows of the Chinese Mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis H. Milne Edwards (Decapoda, Grapsoidea), in south San Francisco Bay, California, USA., Crustaceana 78: 787-807
 
Rudnick, Deborah A.; Hieb, Kathryn; Grimmer, Karen F.; Resh, Vincent H. (2003) Patterns and processes of biological invasion: the Chinese mitten crab in San Francisco Bay., Basic and Applied Ecology 4: 249-262
 
Rudnick, Deborah; Hieb, Kathryn; Grimmer, Karen F.;Resh, Vincent H. (2003) Patterns and process of biological invasion: the Chinese mitten crab in San Francisco Bay., Basic and Applied Ecology 4: 249-262
 
Rudnick, Deborah; Resh, Vincent (2005) Stable isotopes, mesocosms, and gut content analysis demonstrate trophic differences in two invasive decapod crustacea., Freshwater Biology 50: 1223-1336
 
Rudnick, Deborah; Veldhuizen, Tanya; Tullis, Richard; Culver,Carolyn; Hieb, Kathryn; Tsukimura, Brian. (2005a) A life history model for the San Francisco Estuary population of the Chinese mitten crab, Eriocheir sinensis (Decapoda: Grapsoidea)., Biological Invasions 7: 333-350
 
Ruiz, Gregory M.; Fegley, Lynn; Fofonoff, Paul; Cheng, Yongxu; Lemaitre, Rafael. (2006) First records of Eriocheir sinensis H. Milne Edwards, 1853 (Crustacea: Brachyura: Varunidae) for Chesapeake Bay and the mid-Atlantic coast of North America., Aquatic Invasions 1: 137-142.
 
Schmidt, Robert E.; Daniels, Robert A.; Swift, Erin L.; Shadis, Ira B. (2009) Inferences on the biology of juvenile Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis) from exuviae in a Hudson River tributary, New York, USA, Aquatic Invasions 4: 613-617
 
Schwartz, Frank J.; Rubelmann, Robert; Allison, James (1963) Ecological population expansion of the introduced crayfish Orconectes virilis., Ohio Journal of Science 63: 266-273
 
Takeda, Masatsune; Koizumi, Masayuki (2005) Occurrence of the Chinese mitten crab, Eriocheir sinensis H. Milne Edwards, in Tokyo Bay, Japan., Bulletin of the National Science Museum Series A (Zoology) 31: 21-24
 
Tang, Boping; Zhou, Kaiya; Song, Daxiang; Yang, Guang; Dai, Aiyun (2003) Molecular systematics of the Asian mitten crabs, genus Eriocheir (Crustacea: Brachyura)., Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 29: 309-316
 


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