Chesapeake Bay Introduced Species Database


Teredo navalis

Common name(s):
Naval Shipworm
Naval Shipworms are bivalves (like clams) that look like worms. They don?t use their shell for protection; rather they use it as a tool to burrow into wood. They live in the burrow they create in the wood, poking their heads out to feed. Historically these shipworms made their homes in the hulls of wooden ships and traveled the world. Because wooden ships have moved these species around the world for so long, it is difficult to say where they originated and where they were introduced. We believe Naval Shipworms are introduced to the East Coast because reports of this species were confined to ships and shipwrecks, but were absent in natural areas and in wood of a 5,000 yr-old fishweir in Boston, through a similar native species (Bankia gouldi) was found. Naval Shipworms were first seen in the Elizabeth River in 1878 under in debris from a wharf. In the late 1940s and early 1950s, they were reported in Chincoteague Bay, Ocean City MD, and Hampton Roads, Norfolk and Portsmouth VA.
Image courtesy of Wiki Commons.

References:

Bartsch, Paul (1923) The status of Teredo beachi and Teredo navalis, Science 57: 692
 
Carlton, James T. (1992) Introduced marine and estuarine mollusks of North America: An end-of-the-20th-century perspective., Journal of Shellfish Research 11: 489-505
 
Chanley, Paul; Andrews, J. D. (1971) Aids for identification of bivalve larvae of Virginia, Malacologia 11: 45-119
 
Clapp, William F. (1923) New species of Teredo from Florida, Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History 37: 31-38
 
Coomans, H. E. (1962) The marine mollusk fauna of the Virginian area as a basis for defining zoogeographical provinces., Beaufortia 9: 83-104
 
Culliney, J. L. (1975) Comparative larval development of the shipworms Bankia gouldi and Teredo navalis, Marine Biology 29: 245-251
 
Ferguson, F. F.; Jones, E. R. (1949) A survey of the shoreline fauna of the Norfolk Peninsula., American Midland Naturalist : 436-446
 
Grave, B. H. (1928) Natural history of shipworm, Teredo navalis, at Woods Hole, Massachusetts, Biological Bulletin 55: 260-282
 
Hillman, Robert E.; Ford Susan E.; Haskin, Harold H. (1990) Minchinia teredinis n. sp. (Balanosporida, Haplosporidiidae), a parastite of teredinid shipworms, Journal of Protozoology 37: 364-368
 
Hoagland, K. Elaine (1986a) Effects of temperature, salinity, and substratum on larvae of the shipworms Teredo bartschi Clapp and T. navalis Linnaeus (Bivalvia: Teredinidae), American Malacological Bulletin 4: 89-99
 
Johnson, Charles W. (1915) Fauna of New England. 13. List of the Mollusca, Occasional Papers of the Boston Society of Natural History 7: 1-223
 
Johnson, Charles W. (1934) List of marine mollusca of the Atlantic coast from Labrador to Texas, Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History 40: 1-204
 
Perkins, George H. (1871) Molluscan fauna of New Haven. A critical review of all the marine, fresh water and land Mollusca of the region, with descriptions of many of the living animals and of two new species. Part II: Acephala and Bryozoa., Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History 13: 138-163
 
Reise, K.; Gollasch, S.; Wolff, W.J. (1999) Introduced marine species of the North Sea coasts., Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen 52: 219-234
 
Russell, John Lewis (1839) Familiar notice of some of the shells found in the limits of Essex County, Massachusetts: with reference to descriptions and figures, Journal of the Essex County Natural History Society : 47-77
 
Scheltema, Rudolf S.; Truitt, R. V. (1954) Ecological factors related to the distribution of Bankia gouldi Bartsch in Chesapeake Bay, Chesapeake Biological Laboratory Publication 100: 1-31
 
Scheltema, Rudolf S.; Truitt, R. V. (1956) The shipworm Teredo navalis in Maryland coastal waters, Ecology 37: 841-843
 
Sigerfoos, Charles P. (1907) Natural history, organization, and late development of the Teredinidae, or ship-worms, Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries 27: 191-231, pls. 7-21
 
Tryon, George W., Jr. (1862) Monograph of the Teredidae, Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 14: 453-481
 
Wass, Melvin L. (1972) A checklist of the biota of lower Chesapeake Bay, Special Scientific Report, Virginia Institute of Marine Science 65: 1-290
 


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