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Bugulina simplex
Image courtesy of Hans De Blauwe, SWG Beach Workgroup Belgium via WoRMS and the CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 license.
Bugulina simplex
Taxonomic Group: Bryozoans


Bugulina simplex is a lightly calcified branching bryozoan. It was first described from the Adriatic Sea in 1886 and is thought to be native to this region, although its distribution is spotty in the larger Mediterranean. Introduced specimens were reported from Woods Hole, Massachusetts as early as 1872 (identified as B. flabellata) and are known from Connecticut to Maine. It has also been introduced to the Atlantic coast of Europe, Argentina, Australia and New Zealand. It is found in rocky subtidal habitats, but is also commonly reported from pilings and floats in harbors and marinas. No impacts have been reported for this species in its presumed native and introduced ranges.

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Fofonoff PW, Ruiz GM, Steves B, Simkanin C, & Carlton JT (2018)
National Exotic Marine and Estuarine Species Information System.
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Marine Invasions Lab
Smithsonian Environmental Research Center

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