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Fredericella indica
Image courtesy of David K. Barnes, State College of Florida.
Fredericella indica
Taxonomic Group: Bryozoans


Fredericella indica is a freshwater bryozoan which was first described in India, its presumed native range. It is now widespread in North America, Europe and Asia. In Eastern North America it is known from Nova Scotia and Ontario south to Louisiana. It has also been found in Western North America, but is more scattered and rare in occurrence here. It has been found in lakes and rivers in Montana, Idaho, British Columbia, Washington, and Oregon and is introduced in the Columbia River estuary. It attaches to rocks, wood, aquatic vegetation, sponges, freshwater mussels, and other bryozoans. No economic or ecological impacts have been reported for this species.

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Fofonoff PW, Ruiz GM, Steves B, Simkanin C, & Carlton JT (2018)
National Exotic Marine and Estuarine Species Information System.
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Marine Invasions Lab
Smithsonian Environmental Research Center

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