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Ecteinascidia turbinata
Image courtesy of Rosana M. Rocha, Universidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR), Brazil
Ecteinascidia turbinata
Taxonomic Group: Tunicates


Ecteinascidia turbinata, also called the Mangrove Tunicate, is a colonial species that grows in dense clusters of club-shaped zooids connected by a network of stolons. Its range includes the Carolinas, Florida, Bermuda, the Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico, the Mediterranean, and the tropical East Atlantic. Populations on both sides of the Atlantic are genetically similar, but it is not clear which side is the native range and which is the introduced. It is known to be introduced north of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina where it was first found in the 1960s at Wachapreague, Virginia. It is established here and in Chincoteague Bay, but no impacts have been reported.

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Fofonoff PW, Ruiz GM, Steves B, Simkanin C, & Carlton JT (2018)
National Exotic Marine and Estuarine Species Information System.
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