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Notemigonus crysoleucas
Image courtesy of Howard Jelks, USGS (
Notemigonus crysoleucas
Taxonomic Group: Fishes
Common name: GOLDEN SHINER


Golden Shiners (Notemigonus crysoleucas) are native to eastern North America. They have been a popular bait fish and are commercially raised for this purpose. Through bait released and intentional introductions as a forage fish they are now among the top 10 most widely introduced fishes across the western United States. They have been introduced from Montana to Washington, and New Mexico to California. They have important economically for the bait industry. They could have negative effects in lakes, if unchecked by predators, however, no specific impacts have been reported from the San Francisco or Columbia estuaries.

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Fofonoff PW, Ruiz GM, Steves B, Simkanin C, & Carlton JT (2018)
National Exotic Marine and Estuarine Species Information System.
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Marine Invasions Lab
Smithsonian Environmental Research Center

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