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Penaeus vannamei
Image courtesy of Herman Gunawan via Wikimedia Commons CC-BY-SA-3.0 License
Penaeus vannamei
Taxonomic Group: Crustaceans-Shrimp


Penaeus vannamei, also known as the Pacific White Shrimp and the Whiteleg Shrimp, is native to the tropical East Pacific from the Gulf of California, Mexico to northern Peru. It is the most widely cultured shrimp in the world and is raised in at least 27 countries, with major production operations occurring in the US, Mexico, Central America, tropical South America, China, India, and southeast Asia. Escapes are widely reported from US East and Gulf coast waters, Hawaii, South America, and Thailand, but so far, established, wild populations have been reported only from Venezuela. Specific impacts of P. vannamei have not been reported.

*This species is not currently established in North American waters.

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Fofonoff PW, Ruiz GM, Steves B, Simkanin C, & Carlton JT (2018)
National Exotic Marine and Estuarine Species Information System.
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Marine Invasions Lab
Smithsonian Environmental Research Center

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