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Ficopomatus enigmaticus
Image courtesy of Dr. Erica Keppel, Smithsonian Environmental Research Center
Ficopomatus enigmaticus
Taxonomic Group: Annelids-Polychaetes


Ficopomatus enigmaticus is a serpulid tubeworm with a global distribution. It was first described from Caen, France in 1921; however, its native range is currently unknown. Introduced populations have been reported from Hawaii, California, the East and Gulf coasts of the United States, the Baltic Sea, the Mediterranean, the Caspian Sea, Africa, South America, New Zealand, Japan and Taiwan. Like other serpulid polychaetes, it secretes a calcareous tube and can be found on hard surfaces such as rocks, shells, corals, pilings and ships’ hulls. It can cause habitat changes by forming large reef-like colonies on formerly bare sediments and can create fouling problems on boats, pilings and pontoons.

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Fofonoff PW, Ruiz GM, Steves B, Simkanin C, & Carlton JT (2018)
National Exotic Marine and Estuarine Species Information System.
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Marine Invasions Lab
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