Taxonomy Search:

Macrobrachium rosenbergii
Image courtesy of @ Jarek Tuszynski via Wikimedia Commons CC-BY-SA-3.0 & GDFL License
Macrobrachium rosenbergii
Taxonomic Group: Crustaceans-Shrimp


Macrobrachium rosenbergii, known as the Giant River Prawn, is a large catadromous shrimp native to coastal rivers and estuaries from Sri Lanka to Indonesia (Java and Borneo) and north to southern China. Extensive aquaculture of M. rosenbergii began in the 1960s in Hawaii, and became a major economic resource by the 1980s. Major producing countries include the US, Mexico, Peru, Brazil, Iran, India, Thailand, China, Taiwan, Indonesia and Malaysia. Escapes of this shrimp have been reported in Mississippi, Hawaii, Puerto Rico and Guam, and breeding populations are reported in Venezuela, Brazil, and Dominica. Despite frequent escapes, the impacts of Macrobrachium rosenbergii have not been well studied.

*This species is not currently established in North American waters.

This is some default tab content, embedded directly inside this space and not via Ajax. It can be shown when no tabs are automatically selected, or associated with a certain tab, in this case, the first tab.


Fofonoff PW, Ruiz GM, Steves B, Simkanin C, & Carlton JT (2018)
National Exotic Marine and Estuarine Species Information System.
Access Date:

Marine Invasions Lab
Smithsonian Environmental Research Center

P.O. Box 28
647 Contees Wharf Road
Edgewater, MD 21037-0028 Tel: 443 482 2200
Fax: 443 482 2380

Databases Overview| Chesapeake Bay | National Database |