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Homarus americanus
Image courtesy of Roberto Rodríguez via Wikimedia Commons CC-BY-SA-3.0 License
Homarus americanus
Taxonomic Group: Crustaceans-Lobsters


The American lobster, Homarus americanus, is native to the Northwest Atlantic, from the Strait of Belle Isle, Newfoundland to south of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina. It is a widely esteemed seafood item, shipped alive around the world. In spite of numerous attempts at stocking introduced populations, it has not become established outside its native range. However, its occasional occurrence in northern European waters has caused concern because of possible hybridization, competition, or disease transfer with the native European Lobster (Homarus gammarus).

*Outside of its native range, this species is not currently established in North American waters.

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Fofonoff PW, Ruiz GM, Steves B, Simkanin C, & Carlton JT (2018)
National Exotic Marine and Estuarine Species Information System.
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Marine Invasions Lab
Smithsonian Environmental Research Center

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