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Venerupis philippinarum
Image courtesy of Melissa Frey, Royal BC Museum
Venerupis philippinarum
Taxonomic Group: Mollusks-Bivalves


Venerupis philippinarum is commonly known as the Japanese Littleneck and the Manila Clam. It has a wide native range from the southern Kurile and Sakhalin Islands, Russia to India, Sri Lanka, and the Philippines. It has been introduced to Hawaii, the West Coast of North America, Europe, the Mediterranean, Tahiti and Fiji. It is one of the most widely cultivated clam species in the world, being intensively farmed and recreationally harvested in both its native and introduced range. It is a burrowing bivalve, most abundant in shallow, subtropical to cool-temperate areas, in coarse sand and gravel. This species can develop very high densities and biomass in introduced locations, having important impacts on benthic communities. For instance, it may alter food webs through increased filter-feeding of phytoplankton and by being a prey item for larger benthic species.

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Fofonoff PW, Ruiz GM, Steves B, Simkanin C, & Carlton JT. .
National Exotic Marine and Estuarine Species Information System.
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Marine Invasions Lab
Smithsonian Environmental Research Center

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