Invasion History

First Non-native North American Tidal Record:
First Non-native West Coast Tidal Record:
First Non-native East/Gulf Coast Tidal Record:

General Invasion History:

None

North American Invasion History:


Description

None


Taxonomy

Taxonomic Tree

Kingdom:   Animalia
Phylum:   Cnidaria
Class:   Hydrozoa
Subclass:   Hydroidolina
Order:   Anthoathecatae
Suborder:   Filifera
Family:   Eudendriidae
Genus:   Eudendrium
Species:   carneum

Synonyms

Eudendrium cunninghami (Kirkpatrick 1910, None)

Potentially Misidentified Species

Eudendrium ramosum
None

Ecology

General:

Eudendrium carneumhas a hydroid stage which frequently grows on rocks, concrete walls, artificial substrrates, vessel hulls, wrecks, and also has a planktonic medusa (Calder 1988; Kirkendale and Calder 2003; Linder and Migoot 2006; Oliveira and Marques 2006;)

Food:

Zooplaknton, epibenthos

Trophic Status:

Suspension Feeder

SusFed

Habitats

General HabitatVessel HullNone
General HabitatGrass BedNone
General HabitatCoarse Woody DebrisNone
General HabitatUnstructured BottomNone
General HabitatOyster ReefNone
General HabitatMarinas & DocksNone
General HabitatRockyNone
General HabitatCoral reefNone
Salinity RangeEuhaline30-40 PSU
Salinity RangePolyhaline18-30 PSU
Vertical HabitatEpibenthicNone
Vertical HabitatPlanktonicNone


Tolerances and Life History Parameters

Minimum Salinity (‰)20Field, South Carolina (Calder 1976)
Maximum Salinity (‰)34Field, South Carolina (Calder 1976)
Broad Temperature RangeNoneCold temperate-Tropical
Broad Salinity RangeNonePolyhaline-Euhaline

General Impacts


Regional Impacts

SP-XIIINoneEcological ImpactCompetition
None
SP-XIIINoneEcological ImpactHabitat Change
'It lives on rocky bottoms, where it forms a tangle of branches that tend to accumulate sediment, making it a fairly unattractive "weed" species' (Shine et al. 2003)
SP-XIIINoneEconomic ImpactAesthetic
'These masses of hydroid tend to make the rocky surfaces of the reef less visible, and tend to make the reef look 'dirty'. (Shine et al. 2003)

Regional Distribution Map

Bioregion Region Name Year Invasion Status Population Status
SP-XIII None 1997 Def Estab
CAR-III None 0 Native Estab
CAR-IV None 0 Native Estab
NA-ET3 Cape Cod to Cape Hatteras 1882 Native Estab
NA-ET1 Gulf of St. Lawrence to Bay of Fundy 0 Native Unk
CAR-I Northern Yucatan, Gulf of Mexico, Florida Straits, to Middle Eastern Florida 0 Native Estab
CAR-VII Cape Hatteras to Mid-East Florida 0 Native Estab
MED-II None 1985 Def Estab
MED-III None 2000 Def Estab
MED-VII None 2000 Def Estab
NA-ET2 Bay of Fundy to Cape Cod 0 Native Unk
MED-V None 1999 Def Estab
SA-III None 0 Native Estab
SA-IV None 0 Native Estab
AUS-X None 2001 Def Estab
AUS-IV None 1957 Def Estab
NA-ET4 Bermuda 0 Native Estab
SA-II None 0 Native Estab
NEP-VII None 0 Crypto Estab
NEP-VIII None 0 Crypto Estab
WA-V None 1950 Def Estab
NWP-3a None 1975 Def Estab
EA-IV None 1954 Def Estab
SP-XXI None 1950 Def Unk
MED-I None 2007 Def Estab
NEA-V None 2007 Def Estab
WA-IV None 2013 Def Estab
SP-XIII None 2007 Def Estab
PAN_CAR Panama Caribbean Coast 0 Native Estab

Occurrence Map

OCC_ID Author Year Date Locality Status Latitude Longitude

References

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